The weave refers to the method used when crossing the warp yarns (length) and weft yarns (width). Depending on the method of interlacing and the patterns, different motifs are obtained such as canvas or plain weave, twill or satin. All other weaves are variants derived from these basic weaves.
On a loom, the warp is made of yarns held between bobbins, called beams. These yarns are held horizontally in a low-warp loom but vertically in a high warp loom. The warp is the lengthways support for the weft which is woven widthways. Specific techniques can give different effects : dividing and dyeing the warp in different colours creates an Ikat fabric. The warp and weft can be of different materials depending on the use and look desired.